The .220 Russian (5.6x39mm) cartridge was developed in the late 1950's for deer hunting in Russia. It is a 7.62x39 cartridge necked down to hold a 5.6mm bullet. It was later adopted by Finland, and by around 1965 was being produced by SAKO & Lapua. When it was introduced to the United States, Sako, & later Lapua, brass was stamped ".220 Russian".

The .220 Russian was used as the parent case for the 6mm PPC cartridge.

Ballistic data (3.5 gram SP bullet)
Distance (m) 0 50 100 200 300 400 500
Velocity(m / s) 912.4 798.8 694.0 507.7 359.4 290.5 250.3
Energy (J) 1457 1117 843 451 226 148 110



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