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colspan="3" style="background: lightsteelblue; text-align: center; vertical-align: middle;"
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| .221 Remington Fireball Type Pistol / Rifle Place of origin USA colspan="3" style="background: lightsteelblue; text-align: center; vertical-align: middle;"
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| Production history Designer Remington / Wayne Leek Manufacturer Remington Produced 1963 colspan="3" style="background: lightsteelblue; text-align: center; vertical-align: middle;"
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| Specifications Parent case .222 Remington Bullet diameter .224 in (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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 mm
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Neck diameter .253 in (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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 mm
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Shoulder diameter .361 in (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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 mm
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Base diameter .376 in (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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Rim diameter .378 in (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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Case length 1.400 in (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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Overall length 1.830 in (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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Rifling twist 1-12" Primer type Small rifle colspan="3" style="background: lightsteelblue; text-align: center; vertical-align: middle;"
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| Ballistic performance Bullet weight/type Velocity Energy style="vertical-align:middle; border-bottom: 1px dotted #aaa;
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Test barrel length: 14", 24"
Source: Accurate Powder[1]

The .221 Remington Fireball was created by Remington Arms Company in 1963 for use in their single-shot bolt-action pistol called the XP-100.[2] This was a special round designed for an experimental pistol, and has the highest velocity of any commercial pistol cartridge.[3]

HistoryEdit

In the early 1960s Remington was working on an experimental bolt-action pistol based on their model 600 action. They wanted a highly accurate pistol that would be well suited for competition. After working with the .222 Remington they realized that it contained more powder than was necessary for the shorter barrels that are used even by specialty pistols. Typical rifle barrels range from approximately 18" to 26", while typical pistol barrels range from 2" to 12". Competition pistol sometimes have barrels as long as 16", still making them shorter than the shortest rifle barrels.

The decision was made by Remington to base their new cartridge on a shortened version of the .222, optimized for their new XP-100 gun. The cartridge gained some popularity with silhouette shooters and varminters, but still takes a back seat to the more common .223 Remington.[4]

Today the XP-100 is no longer in production. .221 shooters can still get Thompson Contender single-shot pistols chambered for the fireball. And some rifle manufacturers are making guns for this cartridge as well. Like the .222 and .223, the .221 is well suited for the high-volume shooting for varmint hunting, having almost the same velocity and trajectory out to almost 300 yards.[5]

PerformanceEdit

SAAMI pressure levels are actually set higher for the .221 Remington Fireball at 52,000 C.U.P. than for the .222 Remington at 46,000 C.U.P. This was done in an effort to compensate for the shorter pistol-length barrels expected to be used.[1] Because of this higher pressure, in a rifle length barrel the .221 is capable of velocities equal to that of the .222.[6]

OffshootsEdit

The .221 Fireball has been used by wildcatters to create a small efficient .17 caliber cartridge. The most common is the .17 Mach IV which is essentially the .221 necked down to the smaller caliber. This cartridge is reported to have a very flat trajectory and to be relatively quiet with low recoil. It has been so popular as a wildcat that in 2007 Remington legitimized it by introducing their own version only slightly different than the Mach IV and calling it the .17 Remington Fireball.[7][8]. A .20 caliber version is also gaining popularity. Called the .20 Vartarg (VT, vartarg being the combination of the words varmint and target.

CategoriesEdit

Cartridge:rifles
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