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| .338-378 Weatherby Magnum Type Centerfire/Rifle Place of origin USA colspan="3" style="background: lightsteelblue; text-align: center; vertical-align: middle;"
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| Production history Designer Elmer Keith and Bob Thompson Designed ca1963 Manufacturer Weatherby Produced 1998 colspan="3" style="background: lightsteelblue; text-align: center; vertical-align: middle;"
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| Specifications Parent case .378 Weatherby Magnum Case type Belted Bullet diameter .338 in (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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 mm
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Neck diameter .361 in (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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 mm
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Shoulder diameter .560 in (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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 mm
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Base diameter .582 in (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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 mm
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Rim diameter .603 in (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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 mm
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Rim thickness .59 in (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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 mm
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Case length 2.905 in (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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 mm
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Overall length 3.65 in (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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 mm
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Case capacity 137 gr H2O (8.905 cm³) Rifling twist 1 in 10 Primer type Magnum Rifle Maximum pressure 63,817 psi (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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 MPa
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| Ballistic performance Bullet weight/type Velocity Energy style="vertical-align:middle; border-bottom: 1px dotted #aaa;
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" | 250 gr (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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 g)
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Partition type||style="border-bottom: 1px dotted #aaa;
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"|3,060 ft/s (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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 m/s)
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" | 225 gr (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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 g)
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" | 200 gr (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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 g)
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Boat-tail soft point||style="border-bottom: 1px dotted #aaa;
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Test barrel length: 28 in (71 cm)
Source: Weatherby [1]

The .338-378 Weatherby Magnum started out as the wildcat cartridge, .338-378 Keith-Thompson Magnum during the early 1960s. Keith and Thompson are Elmer Keith and Bob Thompson. The 338-378 Keith-Thompson Magnum is slightly shorter than the .338-378 Weatherby Magnum. However this is only a neck length issue of about eighty-thousandths of an inch. The .338-378 Weatherby Magnum was added to the Weatherby product line in 1998.

The .338-378 Weatherby Magnum’s parent case is the .378 Weatherby Magnum. The .338-378 Weatherby Magnum is created by necking down the .378 Weatherby Magnum to 8.59 mm (.338 in) then fire forming it in the rifle chamber. The .338-378 Weatherby Magnum has a case capacity of about 8.1 g (125 gr). Bullets commercially available for the .338-378 Weatherby Magnum range from: 11.7 g (180 gr) to 19.4 g (300 gr) in the construction of; boat-tail hollow-point; boat-tail pointed soft; pointed soft point; heavy jacketed pointed soft point; partition; multi-core; truncated solid and monolithic solid.

The .338-378 Weatherby Magnum’s main appeal is long-range shooting. A Weatherby factory cartridge loaded with a 16.2 g (250 gr) hunting bullet, in a rifle with a 71 cm (28 in) barrel will yield a muzzle velocity of 933 m/s (3060 ft/s) and muzzle energy of 7046 J (5197 ft·lbf). This same bullet will carry a down range velocity to 457 m (500 yd) of 648 m/s (2125 ft/s) and energy of 3391 J (2501 ft · lbf).

A hand loaded .338-378 Weatherby Magnum used for 1000 yd target shooting loaded with a 19.4 g (300 gr) boat-tail hollow point from a rifle with a 71 cm (28 in) target barrel will yield a muzzle velocity of 917 m/s (3010 ft/s), at 914 m (1000 yd) will carry a down range velocity of 590 m/s (1936 ft/s) and at 1372 m (1500 yd) will still be carrying a supersonic down range velocity of 462 m/s (1517 ft/s).

The .338-378 Weatherby Magnum is appropriate for taking American Elk (cervas canadensis) size game, Brown Bears and Polar Bears on the North American, European and Asian continents. In Africa the 338-378 Weatherby Magnum is appropriate for taking medium, antelope size game to the big five game. However some African countries ban sub 10.16 mm (.40 in) cartridges for hunting some big five game.

The free recoil of the 338-378 Weatherby Magnum from a (11 lb) rifle (including magazine rounds, scope, base and rings) is 73 J (54 ft · lbf) as compared to an average 27 J (20 ft · lbf) from a rifle chambered for .30-06 Springfield.

The Finnish .338 Lapua Magnum cartridge introduced in 1989 and the American .338 Remington Ultra Magnum (.338 RUM) cartridge introduced in 2000 are probably the closest currently (2007) commercially available ballistic twins of the .338-378 Weatherby Magnum. The .338 Lapua Magnum is however a rimless cartridge and the .338 Remington Ultra Magnum is a rebated rim cartridge.

CategoriesEdit

Cartridge:rifles
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