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colspan="3" style="background: lightsteelblue; text-align: center; vertical-align: middle;"
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| .41 Action Express Type Handgun Place of origin USA colspan="3" style="background: lightsteelblue; text-align: center; vertical-align: middle;"
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| Production history Designer Evan Whildin Designed 1986 Manufacturer Action Arms colspan="3" style="background: lightsteelblue; text-align: center; vertical-align: middle;"
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| Specifications Case type Rimless, straight Bullet diameter .410 in (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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 mm
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Neck diameter .434 in (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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 mm
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Base diameter .435 in (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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 mm
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Rim diameter .394 in (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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 mm
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Rim thickness .045 in (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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 mm
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Case length .866 in (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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 mm
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Overall length 1.17 in (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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Rifling twist 16-18 Primer type Small pistol colspan="3" style="background: lightsteelblue; text-align: center; vertical-align: middle;"
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| Ballistic performance Bullet weight/type Velocity Energy style="vertical-align:middle; border-bottom: 1px dotted #aaa;
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" | 170 gr (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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Source: Hodgdon [1]

The .41 Action Express is a pistol cartridge originating from the 1980s to reproduce performance of the .41 Magnum cartridge in semi-automatic pistols.[2]

HistoryEdit

The .41 Action Express (41 AE) was designed by Evan Whildin, vice president of Action Arms, in 1986.[3] It was based on the .41 Magnum case, cut down to fit in a 9 mm frame, and using a rebated rim. The .41 AE is a very attractive cartridge in many ways, as the rebated rim allows a simple barrel and magazine change to allow many 9 mm guns to be converted to .41 AE.

The powerful 10 mm Auto cartridge, which had been suffering from poor acceptance from its start in the early 1980s, was eventually accepted by the FBI in a reduced power, subsonic loading. Smith & Wesson then decided that the 10 mm Auto was too much cartridge for the reduced power loading, and that the .45 ACP sized guns that chambered it were too heavy and bulky; out of this came the .40 S&W, a shortened 10 mm Auto case, designed to fit in a 9 mm sized gun, with a reduced pressure loading that allowed a lighter, easier to shoot gun. Because most ammunition manufacturers backed the very similar .40 S&W, there was little use for the .41 AE and production of both firearms and the ammunition itself was soon phased out.

BallisticsEdit

The .41 AE is ballistically similar to the .40 S&W, to the point that many reloading manuals suggest using .40 S&W load data in the .41 AE. The .41 AE uses .410 inch bullets, whereas the .40 S&W uses .400 inch bullets. However, as it lacks the backing of ammunition manufacturers in making .410 caliber bullets suited to semiautomatic pistols, the .41 AE has not achieved widespread popularity.[4] [5]

Firearms Chambered for 41 Action ExpressEdit

There have been many firearms chambered for this cartridge. The potential for success for the 41 AE was sound, and for this reason, many major manufacturers offered firearms chambered at the factory for this round. Additionally, aftermarket conversion kits were available as well. With the ease of application in virtually any firearm chambered in 9mm, a large variety of models saw at least some .41 AE use.

Factory ChamberedEdit

Aftermarket ConversionEdit

VariantsEdit

In 1988, IMI also developed a 9 mm Action Express, which was a .41 AE necked down to 9 mm. It offered a much larger case capacity than the standard 9 mm case, allowing velocities that matched that of the .357 Magnum when loaded with light bullets. This move anticipated the parallel development of the .357 SIG from the .40 S&W in 1994.

See also Edit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ".41 Action Express (Pistol) data" from Hodgdon
  2. Barnes, Frank C. [1965] (2006). in Skinner, Stan: Cartridges of the World, 11th Edition, Iola, WI, USA: Gun Digest Books, 330,338. ISBN 0-89689-297-2. 
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  3. Reload Bench
  4. SAAMI Pressures. Retrieved on 2007-11-29.
  5. .40 Smith & Wesson/.41 AE. Retrieved on 2007-11-29.
Cartridge:handguns

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