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| 9x18mm Makarov colspan="3" style="text-align: center; font-size: 90%; border-bottom: 1px solid #aaa; line-height: 1.25em;"
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| 300px
9x18mm Makarov cartridge Type Pistol Place of origin Flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union colspan="3" style="background: lightsteelblue; text-align: center; vertical-align: middle;"
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| Service history Used by Russian military, Chinese military, Czech military, Slovak military colspan="3" style="background: lightsteelblue; text-align: center; vertical-align: middle;"
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| Specifications Bullet diameter 9.25 mm (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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Neck diameter 9.85 mm (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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Base diameter 9.90 mm (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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Rim diameter 9.90 mm (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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Case length 18.00 mm (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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Overall length 24.64 mm (Expression error: Unexpected < operator.
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| Ballistic performance Bullet weight/type Velocity Energy style="vertical-align:middle; border-bottom: 1px dotted #aaa;
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Test barrel length: 9.7 cm

9x18mm Makarov (often called 9x18mm PM) is a Soviet pistol and submachine gun cartridge. It was a standard Eastern Bloc alternative to the 9x19mm Parabellum cartridge.

HistoryEdit

The 9x18mm caliber was the standard pistol caliber for Eastern European countries, many of which still use this caliber today. 9x18mm caliber uses a larger diameter bullet than other 9mm rounds. 9 mm Parabellum is 9.017 mm (0.355 inches), however 9x18mm rounds are loaded with bullets measuring 9.220 mm (0.363 inches). As a result, different bullets must be used to load 9x18mm cartridges.

PerformanceEdit

9x18mm is ballistically inferior to the 9x19mm Parabellum cartridge. While there are no official SAAMI pressure specs for the 9x18mm cartridge, tests indicate that surplus ammunition develop pressures in the mid 20,000 psi, significantly less than the 35,000 psi or more developed by 9mm Parabellum loads. As such it is designed to be used in low powered blow back semiautomatics, much like the .380 ACP cartridge, rather than locked breech designs required for higher pressure cartridges like the 9 mm Parabellum.

File:9x18mm casing.jpg

The 9x18mm cartridge is not interchangeable with the more powerful 9 mm Parabellum, 9 mm Largo, and its ballistic performance is much closer to its little brother .380 ACP.

Weapons chambered for 9x18mm PMEdit

SynonymsEdit

  • 9 mm Makarov
  • 9x18mm
  • 9x18mm PM
  • 9 mm Mak

CategoriesEdit

Cartridge:handguns

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