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Firearm Infobox
Name, Image, type, origin
Name Kongsberg M59
Image 300px
Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk M59
Type Bolt Action Repeating Sniper Rifle Target rifle
Place of origin Flag of Norway Norway
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Service history
In service 1959 - ca. 2000
Used by Norway
Wars {{{wars}}}
Production history
Designer Kongsberg Small Arms
Designed 1959
Manufacturer {{{manufacturer}}}
Produced {{{production_date}}}
Number N/A
Variants M59 and M59F1
Specifications
Weight
Length
Width {{{width}}}
Height {{{height}}}
Barrel length
Diameter {{{diameter}}}
Crew {{{crew}}}
Cartridge .30-06 (M59) 7.62 × 51 mm NATO (M59F1)
Caliber {{{caliber}}}
Action Bolt action
Muzzle velocity 860-880 m/s
Effective range 800 m
Maximum range {{{max_range}}}
Other identifying characteristics
Wood parts (Y/N) {{{wood}}}
Common color {{{color}}}
Imprint {{{imprint}}}

The Mauser M59 and Mauser M67 were produced by Kongsberg Arms of Norway but was not a licensed product of Mauser. Although they were produced by Kongsberg it was always called a "Mauser" in Norway, hence its listing under Mauser.

Mauser rifles in NorwayEdit

After WW2, large numbers of German Mauser 98k were apprehended by Norwegian forces. Most of the rifles were rebarreled to .30-06, later to 7.62 NATO, and used as normal service rifles, but a number of Mauser 98 actions were used as the basis for building both military and civilian rifles at Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk.

Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk Skarpskyttergevær M59, "Mauser M59"Edit

Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk introduced the M59 (also denoted KV59) in 1959, first chambered in .30-06, but shortly afterwards production was changed to accommodate the new 7.62 NATO round, and M59 rifles chambered for the 7.62 NATO were denoted M59F1. The M59F1 served first as a sniper rifle for the regular armed forces. After the NM149 was introduced, the M59F1 served with the Norwegian Home Guard ("Heimevernet") until the 1990s. It was also used as a civilian target rifle, having the advantage over the Krag-Jørgensen M1894 that it did not suffer from changing point of impact in rainy weather. Thus, many shooters had a Krag-Jørgensen for the sunny days and one Mauser for rainy days.

Technical details and imagesEdit

640px

Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk used German Mauser 98k actions for manufacture of the M59. The picture shows a civilian M59.

Closeup of the action beddet into the stock:

320px

Old markings were removed, and the front receiver bridge was opened to accommodate loading of the somewhat longer (compared to the 7.92x57 mm Mauser) .30-06 cardridge,

320px

This is also found on the M59 rifles which were rechambered to the 7.62x51 NATO cartridge. On the civilian version, only the extractor claw was blued, while the rest of the bolt was polished, while on the army issue M59F1, the whole bolt was blued.

The pistol grip:

320px

The magazine follower on the 98k would lock the bolt's forward motion on an empty magazine. This feature was retained on the M59:

240px

The half-length cleaning rod was screwed into the fore-end. Two to three of these were required to assemble a rod of sufficient length:

320px

A civilian M59 (top) in .30-06 and the army issue M59F1 in 7.62x51 NATO (bottom, with a side-mounted scope). Note the blued bolt and absence of the cutout in the front receiver bridge on the M59F1. Note also the different markings on the front receiver bridge.

640px

Alternative model designations (unofficial)Edit

  • Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk Modell 1959
  • Kongsberg-Mauser M59
  • KV59
  • KV M59
  • Modell 1959 Skarpskytter
  • Skarpskytterrifle M59
  • Skarpskytterrifle Modell 1959

Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk Skarpskyttergevær M67, "Mauser M67"Edit

The M59 was redesigned in 1967, hence the M67, and was made by parts of seized German M98 of WW2,fitted with a heavy target stock and a heavy drawned barrel.It was usually fitted with Busk diopter sights. It was chambered in 6.5x55, 7.62 NATO and in .22 LR as a single shot. The M59, M67 and the Krag-Jørgensen were the official target rifles of the Norwegian DFS until the adoption of the Sauer 200 STR in the 90's.

See alsoEdit

Other Norwegian rifles:

References and notesEdit

  • Hanevik, Karl Egil (1998). Norske Militærgeværer etter 1867. Hanevik Våpen. ISBN 82-993143-1-3

External linksEdit


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