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Firearm Infobox
Name, Image, type, origin
Name Sa vz. 58
Image 300px
Sa vz. 58 P (composite stock, new sling)
Type Assault rifle
Place of origin Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia
Service history
In service 1959-present
Used by Czech Republic[1], Slovakia, Indonesia, India, Angola, Cuba, Lebanon [2], Iraq, Libya, Sudan
Wars
Production history
Designer Jiří Čermák
Designed 1956-1958
Manufacturer Česká Zbrojovka
Produced 1959-1983
Number Approx. 920 000
Variants See Variants
Specifications
Weight 2.91 kg (6.42 lb)
Length 845 mm (33.3 in) (vz. 58 P)
675 mm (26.6 in) stock extended / 636 mm (25 in) stock folded (vz. 58 V)
1,000 mm (39.4 in) with bayonet fixed
Width {{{width}}}
Height {{{height}}}
Barrel length 390 mm (15.4 in)
Diameter {{{diameter}}}
Crew
Cartridge 7.62x39mm M43
Caliber
Action Gas-operated, tilting breechblock
Muzzle velocity 705 m/s (2,313
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This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors). Smallwikipedialogo.png
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 ft/s)
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Muzzle energy: 1988 J
Effective range 100 to 800 m sight adjustments
Maximum range
Other identifying characteristics
Wood parts (Y/N) {{{wood}}}
Common color {{{color}}}
Imprint {{{imprint}}}

The Sa vz. 58 is a 7.62 mm assault rifle designed and manufactured in Czechoslovakia, accepted into service as the 7,62 mm samopal vzor 58 (“7.62 mm automatic firearm model 1958”), replacing the 7.62 mm vz. 52 self-loading rifle and the 7.62 mm vz. 24 and vz. 26 submachine guns.

DevelopmentEdit

Development of the weapon began in 1956, and leading the project was chief engineer Jiří Čermák at the Konštrukta facility in Brno. The rifle was designed to use the Soviet intermediate 7.62x39mm M43 cartridge, rather than the Czech 7.62x45mm vz. 52 round, used in both the earlier vz. 52 rifle and the vz. 52 light machine gun. Over the period of 25 years (up until 1984) over 920,000 had been produced, used by the armed forces of the Czech and Slovak Republics, Cuba and several other Asian and African nations.

The vz. 58 was produced in three main variants: the vz. 58 P (Pěchotní - "infantry") – with a fixed buttstock, made of a synthetic material (wood impregnated plastic, older versions used a wooden stock), the vz. 58 V (Výsadkový - "airborne") – featuring a metal wire stock, folded to the right side, and the vz. 58 Pi (Pěchotní s infračerveným zaměřovačem - "infantry with infrared sight"), which is similar to the vz. 58 P but includes a receiver-mounted side rail (on the left side of the receiver housing) used to attach an NSP-2 night vision sight; it also has a detachable folding bipod and a conical flash suppressor.

Design detailsEdit

The vz. 58 is a selective-fire gas-operated weapon that bleeds burnt powder gases through a port in the barrel into a gas cylinder located above the barrel that contains a short-stroke piston. The locking system features a tilting locking piece hinged from the breech block that contains protrusions that descend into and engage notches in the receiver’s internal rails guiding the bolt carrier assembly. The weapon is unlocked when the bolt carrier begins moving rearward, propelled by the piston, forcing the breech locking device against an inclined surface in the bolt carrier that raises the locking piece upward and out of the locking recesses in the receiver. The spring extractor and firing pin are both housed inside the bolt assembly, while the fixed ejector is located at the base of the receiver. The weapon is striker-fired and the striker-hammer features its own operating spring.

File:Sa 58-JH02.jpg

The rifle uses a trigger mechanism with a lever-type fire mode selector, which is also a manual safety against accidental firing. When the selector lever is placed in its rear position (“single fire”) the sear is disabled and the left striker catch is rotated by the disconnecter, which is depressed by the bolt carrier after every shot and is therefore disconnected from the striker catch. The forward setting of the selector lever (“automatic fire”) disables the disconnecter, and the left striker catch meshes with the sear mechanism. The center (“safe”) setting of the selector toggle mechanically blocks both the sear and disconnecter. The rifle also features an automatic internal safety, which prevents the weapon from discharging prematurely. The right striker-hammer catch disables the striker-hammer, and it can only be released by pulling the charging handle back and cocking the weapon.

The weapon is fed from a detachable curved magazine with a 30 cartridge capacity, made from a lightweight alloy. When the last cartridge from the magazine is fired, the bolt will remain locked open on the bolt catch, lifted by the magazine’s follower. The magazine release is located centrally at the bottom of the receiver housing, behind the magazine well. The bolt carrier features a guide rail for use with 10-round stripper clips (from the SKS carbine). Despite their similarity, Sa vz. 58 magazines are not interchangeable with those of the AK-47 and its derivatives.

The rifle’s iron sights consist of an adjustable front post and a sliding rear notched tangent with settings from 100 to 800 m, graduated every 100 m. The front sight post base also serves as a mounting base for the vz. 58 edged bayonet.

Additional equipment supplied with the rifle include: 4 spare magazines, a speed-loading device, vz. 58 bayonet and scabbard, cleaning brush, muzzle cap, oil bottle, front sight adjustment tool and a threaded blank firing adapter.

VariantsEdit

  • Vz. 58 P: Standard fixed stock.
  • Vzor 58 V: Metal folding stock version for vehicle crew and airborne units.
  • Vzor 58 Pi: Has a mounting for an infrared night vision NSP-2 sight, fixed stock, cone flash hider and folding bipod.
  • Automatická puška ("automatic rifle") AP-Z 67: Experimental 7.62x51mm NATO caliber version developed in 1966.
  • Útočná puška ("assault rifle") ÚP-Z 70: Experimental 5.56x45mm NATO version developed in 1970.
  • Experimentální zbraň ("experimental weapon") EZ-B: Experimental bullpup prototype developed in 1976.
  • Ruční kulomet ("light machine gun") codename KLEČ ("dwarf pine"): Experimental variant with a 590 mm barrel (similar to RPK), developed in 1976.
  • Lehká odstřelovačská puška ("light sniper rifle") vz. 58/97: Experimental marksman rifle developed by VTÚVM Slavičín.
  • Samopal ("submachine gun") vz. 58/98 "Bulldog": 9x19mm Parabellum variant developed by VTÚVM Slavičín.
  • CZH 2003 Sport: Semi-automatic only variant for civilian consumption. Available with either a standard 390 mm or shortened 295 mm barrel.
  • CZ 858 Tactical (in Canada VZ-58S): A semi-automatic variant designed for the civilian market in Canada. Available with standard or extended (482 mm) barrel lengths. External components have a new varnish coat (identical to the coating used on original military rifles).
  • FSN01: Civilian semi-automatic variant. Available in standard or shortened (279 mm) barrel lengths, outer parts are blued.

References and further readingEdit

  1. Czech army vz. 58 page. Note on bottom pictures: blank-firing attachment - pic. #1, #2 and #4, opened receiver - pic. #3.
  2. Lebanese Forces Weapons Page. Retrieved on July 28, 2007.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit


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